NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra
on Saturday announced the adoption of the New Delhi Leaders Declaration, a significant victory for India’s
presidency that came amid increasing tensions and divergent views over the Ukraine conflict.
The announcement about the consensus on the declaration and its subsequent adoption came hours after India circulated a new text to the G20 countries to describe the Ukraine conflict.
Here’s a breakdown of the mention of Ukraine in the 34-page document:
* The text categorically stated that the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is “inadmissible” in an indirect message to Russia.
There was, however, no direct mention of Russian aggression in Ukraine.
“Concerning the war in Ukraine, while recalling the discussion in Bali, we reiterated our national positions and resolutions adopted at the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly (A/RES/ES-11/1 and A/RES/ES-11/6) and underscored that all states must act in a manner consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter in its entirety. In line with the UN Charter, all states must refrain from the threat or use of force to seek territorial acquisition against the territorial integrity and sovereignty or political independence of any state. The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible.”
* It said that G20 is not a platform to resolve geopolitical and security issues, in an indirect reference to the ongoing conflict. However, it acknowledged that the war has led to human suffering and impacted global supply chains.
“Reaffirming that the G20 is the premier forum for international economic cooperation, and recognizing that while the G20 is not the platform to resolve geopolitical and security issues, we acknowledge that these issues can have significant consequences for the global economy.
“We highlighted the human suffering and negative added impacts of the war in Ukraine with regard to global food and energy security, supply chains, macro-financial stability, inflation and growth, which has complicated the policy environment for countries, especially developing and least developed countries which are still recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic disruption which has derailed progress towards the SDGs. There were different views and assessments of the situation.”
* The declaration agreed that the peaceful resolution to conflicts through dialogue are critical, a point repeatedly raised by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
“We call on all states to uphold the principles of international law including territorial integrity and sovereignty, international humanitarian law, and the multilateral system that safeguards peace and stability. The peaceful resolution of conflicts, and efforts to address crises as well as diplomacy and dialogue are critical. We will unite in our endeavour to address the adverse impact of the war on the global economy and welcome all relevant and constructive initiatives that support a comprehensive, just, and durable peace in Ukraine that will uphold all the Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter for the promotion of peaceful, friendly, and good neighbourly relations among nations in the spirit of ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future’.”