01/7What is a Yagna and its significance in Hinduism
Yagna is an ancient vedic ritual. The practice of performing yagnas are rooted deep in the scriptures and are said to spread the essence of purity, spiritual betterment as well as calm in the atmosphere. While for different people, Yagnas mean different things, according to most scriptures, it is a sacred ritual involving offerings to the pure form of fire in an attempt to call upon divine energies. The fire, representing Agni Dev, acts as a medium to convey offerings to deities, seeking their blessings.
While according to Sadhguru, “Yagna means a disciplined action that will benefit all. If you sit here and meditate, and then you dance around so that everyone benefits from your meditation, it is a yagna.”
02/7When should you perform a Yagna
Yagnas are performed on various occasions, especially the ones that are significant in the life of the person. They can be performed during childbirth, festivals, while entering a new home, or just to please the Gods. While the Vedas provide details about numerous Yagnas, describing approximately 400 rituals, out of these only 21 are regarded as obligatory and are termed ‘Nityakarmas’. The rest are ‘Kamyakarmas’ that are performed by people to fulfill certain wishes.
In fact, in ancient times, kings and rulers regularly used to perform the Ashwamedha and Rajasuya Yagyas as they were believed to greatly benefit the ruler and his empire.
03/7The 5 important Yagna
It is recommended that every Hindu must perform the ‘Pancha Maha Yagnas’. These are the, ‘Rishi Yagna’ that honours the sages by studying scriptures they wrote. ‘Deva Yagna’ worships celestial deities through offerings in sacred fires. ‘Pitra Yagna’ is performed in homage to ancestors with respectful offerings. The ‘Atithi Yagna’ is as simple as never letting guests or visitors leave your home hungry or in distress and then the ‘Bhuta Yagna’ cares for animals, especially cows and birds.
04/7Why should you perform a Yagna?
Stemming from Vedic practices, Yagnas use chants, mantra and offerings to generate positive energies and purify the space where yagna takes place. Through the rhythmic chanting and the vibrations produced through them, a harmonious atmosphere is created that is believed to elevate spiritual energies. The mix of ancient Vedic knowledge along with pure devotion during the yagna makes possible a sacred ambiance that not only cleanses the environment, but also makes the participants feel closer to the divine.
05/7A direct offering to the Gods
As the ritual fire is represented as Agni Dev during the Yagna, it is said that whatever you offer to the fire, it works as a direct offering to the Gods and celestial beings above our realm. These offerings through the yagna not only are Agni Dev but also serve as an offering to appease Gods and the divine forces who control and regulate the threads of the universe. Through precise yagna rituals and sincere offerings, one can seek blessings for prosperity, health, childbirth, spiritual growth and many more things.
06/7Nothing is ours or ‘Idam Na Mama’
As the Pandits or Purohits oversee the Yagna, while the offerings are made to Agni Dev or when Aahuti is given, they ask the performer to chant ‘Idam Na Mama’, translating to ‘This Is Not Mine’. During the sole act of giving aahuti, the man removes all forms of possession from his heart as he says ‘it is not mine’. The realisation or feeling of removal of the material and the possessions help in destroying the ego or ‘ahankar’. The performer, at that moment, loses all that is his to be connected to the divine sentiment.
07/7The ongoing research on Yagna and pollution
A research study titled ‘Impact of Yagya on Particulate Matters’ published in the ‘Interdisciplinary Journal of Yagya Research’ mentioned that, “Preliminary evidences suggested that Yagya reduces air pollution generated SO2 and NO2 level along with biological air pollutants such as microorganisms. The present study examined the Yagya’s effect on air PM. The present study, conducted two indoor case study experiments to find the effect of Yagya on PM in indoor environment in December 2017. The study showed a trend of decrease of PM 2.5, PM 10, and CO2 after performing Yagya inside the residences of 2 case studies. The present study introduced Vedic technique-Yagya as a solution to reduce indoor air pollutants, specifically PM and CO2, and laid the foundation for further research.”
End of Story