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HomeLifestyleWomen's Day: Health issues women must pay attention to

Women’s Day: Health issues women must pay attention to

01/8​On International Women’s Day promise yourself good health!​

Women’s health encompasses a multitude of unique challenges, influenced by biological, social, and environmental factors. Understanding the diseases women are prone to is essential for effective prevention, timely diagnosis, and appropriate management. On International Women’s Day, let’s understand the common diseases that affect women, including their risk factors, symptoms, and preventive measures.

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02/8​Breast cancer is a silent killer​

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers among women worldwide. While both men and women can develop breast cancer, women are significantly more prone to it. Risk factors include age, family history, hormonal factors, and lifestyle choices such as alcohol consumption and smoking. Symptoms may include a lump in the breast, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge, or skin changes. Early detection through regular mammograms and self-breast exams is crucial for improving survival rates. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, limiting alcohol intake, and avoiding tobacco can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer.

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03/8​Osteoporosis affects women the most​

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by weakened bones, making them more susceptible to fractures. Women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis, especially after menopause when estrogen levels decline. Other risk factors include a sedentary lifestyle, low calcium intake, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain medications. Symptoms may not be evident until a fracture occurs, highlighting the importance of preventive measures. Adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, weight-bearing exercises, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol can help maintain bone health and prevent osteoporosis.

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04/8​Ovarian cancer claims several lives every year​

Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen, making it difficult to treat. Women have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer, with age, family history, genetic mutations (BRCA1 and BRCA2), and hormonal factors influencing susceptibility. Symptoms are often vague and may include abdominal bloating, pelvic pain, difficulty eating, and frequent urination. Early detection is challenging, emphasizing the need for awareness and risk reduction strategies. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer may benefit from genetic counseling and testing. Additionally, oral contraceptives, tubal ligation, and maintaining a healthy weight may lower the risk of developing ovarian cancer.

30-minute morning yoga plan for women who are in their 40s

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05/8​Heart diseases kill millions of women every year​

Although often perceived as a predominantly male issue, cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death among women globally. Women tend to develop heart disease later in life than men, but their risk increases after menopause. Risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Symptoms of heart disease in women may differ from those in men, with women more likely to experience atypical symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, and jaw or back pain. Prevention strategies include regular physical activity, a heart-healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, managing stress, and avoiding smoking.

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06/8​Women are prone to depression and anxiety​

Women are twice as likely as men to experience depression and anxiety disorders. Hormonal fluctuations, life transitions, societal pressures, and genetic predisposition contribute to this increased risk. Symptoms may vary but often include persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, irritability, changes in appetite or sleep patterns, and loss of interest in activities. Seeking timely support from mental health professionals, engaging in self-care activities, building a strong support network, and practicing stress-management techniques are essential for managing and preventing depression and anxiety disorders in women.

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07/8Autoimmune diseases in women has a higher rate of prevalence

Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and multiple sclerosis, occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells and tissues. Women are more susceptible to autoimmune diseases, with hormonal factors, genetic predisposition, and environmental triggers playing significant roles. Symptoms vary depending on the specific condition but may include fatigue, joint pain, skin rashes, and organ dysfunction. While autoimmune diseases are often chronic and challenging to manage, early diagnosis and treatment can help alleviate symptoms and prevent complications. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, managing stress, and avoiding known triggers may also help reduce the risk of autoimmune diseases.

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